Psychology is the academic discipline that studies the human mind, more specifically how we feel, think and behave. Since there are different aspects of a human mind, psychology wants to gain knowledge about many areas, like the human development, social behavior and cognitive processes. This results in psychology having many subfields.
Even though her origins can be placed back in ancient Greece, around 400-500 BC, psychology is considered a relatively new science. The biggest breakthroughs happened over the past 150 years. Back in ancient Greece, psychology was oriented towards philosophy and was marked by the three, subsequent, greatest thinkers of all times, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
What follows are 14 mind-blowing facts backed by science, you should keep to yourself:
1. Buying things for others makes us happier than buying for ourselves.
Generosity towards others makes people happier, according to research from Harvard Business School. It doesn’t contradict the general notion that we worry more about the gifts we give than receive on Christmas morning.
2. You can’t retrieve memories from a past event. Instead you remember the last time you thought about the event.
Every time we retrieve a memory, we transform it a little. This interesting way how our brain works was studied by Northwestern Medicine and showed that time makes memories less correct.
3. Studies show that if you announce your goals to others, you lose motivation to see them through.
It has been confirmed since 1933 that people are less likely to achieve the goals that they announce. They get enough satisfaction which stops them from doing the hard work.
4. The level of stress is at its peak between the ages of 18 and 33, after which it declines.
The American Psychological Association conducted a survey about stress in 2012. It was reported that the highest level of stress is between the ages of 18 and 33, with stress levels increasing every year.
5. Music affects our view on the world.
The University of Groningen confirmed with a study, focused on the capability of people to “see” happy and sad faces while listening to music, that music has a significant effect on perception.
6. Prayer and similar religious practices are connected to lower stress levels.
Several studies were discussed by “The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Mood Disorders” that indicate lower levels of psychological disorders in people who participate in religious activities.
7. Spending money on experiences rather than on material things brings us more joy, studies show.
There are more and more studies focused on happiness and the general human well-being. Research shows that even though happiness is more encouraged with travelling, it is being sacrificed to obtain material things.
8. Favorite songs are associated with an emotional event.
It’s widely known that music and emotions are directly affected by each other. A recent study with nine undergraduates confirmed that the same goes with smells too. A simple aroma can takes us on a walk down memory lane.
9. Income surpassing the threshold of $75,000 per year doesn’t make us happier.
In 2008/2009, a study was performed on 450,000 Americans and suggested two types of happiness, short-term and long term happiness. Increase in financial stability meant an increase in long term happiness. But, once people’s earnings passed the $75,000 threshold, extra income didn’t affect them as much.
10. High school students show the same level of anxiety as an average psychiatric patient in the 1950s.
Psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety are reported in 49% of the general population. As time passes, the human race collectively becomes more and more anxious, and it is speculated it’s due to less socialization, career changes, decrease in marriages and solitude.
11. Thinking about your decisions in a foreign language makes them more reasoned.
The University of Chicago conducted a study on Americans and Koreans, which showed that thinking in a foreign language, decreases tendencies for misleading thoughts and prejudice.
12. In order to become happier, you should have happy people around you.
Recent research by the Psych-neuroendocrinology journal confirms that both happiness and stress are contagious.
13. Smart people underestimate their abilities, while ignorant people are overconfident.
Low achievers think they can do more than they are capable. On the other side, highly skilled people think that others are as equally competent in performing tasks that seem easy to them. This illusion is called the Dunning Kruger Effect.
14. Thinking you had a good night sleep still improves performance.
The Journal of Experimental Psychology published a study that shows if people were tricked into thinking they had a good night sleep or “placebo sleep”, they did better on a given test.
Source > sciencepunch.com